The mining process is very similar to Bitcoin. Miners use their computers to solve complicated math problems to unlock coins. The purpose of mining is to generate Ether in a way that doesn’t require issuance from a central issuer. Ethereum tokens are formed in the process of mining at a rate 5 Ether per one block. Normally, banks are the required third-party that verifies all transactions. They verify that all the money run through the system is real. Mining is a new innovation that makes decentralized record-keeping possible. MIners come to a consensus for checking the transaction history while protecting users from fraud - the interesting solution to a problem that hadn’t been solved in decentralized currencies before proof-of-work blockchain.
Proof-of-stake is a protocol which makes the whole mining process virtual. In this system, proof-of-stake have validators instead of miners. A validator will be the first to lock up the transaction of your Ether as a stake. After this, you will able to start validating blocks, which basically means that if you see any blocks that you notice can be appended to the blockchain, you will have the capability to validate it by placing a bet on it. When and if the block gets appended, you will get a reward proportional to the stake you had betted or invested on it. If your bet was wrong, the stake that you have invested will disappear.
Although Ethereum is looking into other solutions for coming to a consensus about the validity of transactions, mining is still an important part of blockchain systems. In the end, “Proof-of-stake” Ethereum is becoming a hybrid system in which the majority of transactions will be run on the proof-of-work system, while every 100th transaction will run on proof-of-stake.
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